Thanks for sharing! That explains a lot.
Don't you think that perception, expectations and fear originate from African Americans committing more crimes, especially murders in the long term? I mean, if 50% of the murders traditionally come from the African Americans 13% minority, wouldn't the policemen be more scared for their lives and more biased, therefore more ready and less hesitating to kill someone if he is black?
The correlation they found is between segregation in cities and police brutality, not between crime rates and police brutality.
It's policing 'from outside' that seems to cause the main friction. The mindset going into an area perceived as dangerous, whether it be from xenophobia or higher crime rates in poverty stricken areas.
The perception, expectations and fear originate from painting black men as the bad guy for as long as I can remember. Who did you always see running from police in those cop shows "what you gonna do when they come for you" Cops. It's always the black guy who did it.
Do you have any source to suggest that Black people shoot at police more than other races?
All I can find is stats about murder victims
7400 Black victims vs 6000 white victims in 2019
Additional information on black/African American murder victims in the United States
According to male deaths by firearm-related injuries by ethnicity, the amount of black victims has fallen by over half since 1970 in proportion to the population. While this improvement has been welcomed, black males remained twice as likely to be the victim of a gun related death compared with white males.
This inequality has lead to a rise in political action and demonstration around what is perceived as inaction or ignorance over the issue by government and wider society. The high profile death of Trayvon Martin in Florida followed by the deaths at the hand of police Freddie Gray and Michael Brown served as the catalyst for such movements.
The wider issue of violence beyond murder also appears to have systemic correlations. The percentage of violent crime victims with socio-emotional problems by race demonstrates that black Americans experienced socio-emotional issues at a greater rate. Moreover, the issue of a higher exposure to violence for black Americans stretches to the schooling system where 8.4 percent of black children were threatened or injured with a weapon in 2013.
The issue starts from early age, on both sides.