Agreed we have learned alot from another experiences.
Personally I don't believe in evolution in the traditional sense but more a cyclic one were we get advanced as a race then something happens like war or natural disater were we forget stuff and and go back a few steps and start again.
I ike those old documentaries that cover topics such as one i saw about maths on calculus. What was interesting is that we knew it but lost it because of a religious war and because there was not enough paper to write religious books on they recicled other books. In recent years because our scaning technology got better it was revealed that the orignal content of a religious book was basic calculus. Now image if we didn't loose this information? who knows how advanced we be now. Perhaps exploring space beyong our solar system? shrug.
Also there is some interesting things like geomathematics by Carl Munck. how the anicent civilisatons used them. Whever he is righ tor wrong I guess we iwll never know but things are just too coincidnetal.
I will look up some of that stuff when I come back. ;)
As for the advancement of society happend around a range of 4000 years starting in Asia (and the lack of belief in evolution). The most powerful religions which still have a hold on us today are in Asia. Before that was the hold of evolution took millions of years and thousands (for humans) of years to take hold. Those were prehistoric times though. It's just like the Native Americans, which some say after the great migration from Sibera, going through mixture and evolution before following the wooly mammoth through the bering straight (ice bridge connecitng Russia and Alaska) and thats how they reached America.
What we know as humans (ourselves) or homosapien sapien, have only had an evolution of technology. The evolution of ideas, science, culture, laws (moral code), religion, technology and, etc are the reason why we are where we are today, but people today could've just as easily existed 4000 years ago since there was no evolutionary change since we became what we are currently.