Took me forever to remember the name but I suggest Sound Shapes. Has levels where the obstacles are timed to the music, some really good tracks included, and the ability to make your own levels as well.
Also, while trying to find that I saw something about a game from the guy who made Limbo in a similar "obstacles move to a beat" platformer. Here's a video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VLh-8oI8QV0
140 looks like exactly the kind of thing I'm looking for! Will definitely be playing it this evening!